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Understanding Designated Agency

Real Estate Contracts

Currently there are 2 types of Agency in real estate transactions, Common Law Agency and Designated Agency. 

A real estate agent must inform his or her clients as to what type of brokerage they work for, be it a Common Law brokerage or a Designated Agency brokerage.  When working with Kirby Cox & Associates you’ll be required to sign a written service agreement. This document explains the nature of the agency relationship in detail and confirms the client’s choice of agency representation.

Common Law Agency

In common law agency, the agency relationship exists between the client (buyer or seller), and the real estate brokerage (company).  If both parties to a transaction are represented by the same brokerage, the brokerage has a conflict of interest.

Designated Agency

Designated agency is a departure from traditional common law agency practices that addresses this conflict. In designated agency, the agency relationship exists between the client and a designated agent(s) from a particular brokerage, and not with the brokerage as a whole.  Royal LePage Benchmark is a designated agency brokerage.

Because the agency relationship is between the client and the designated agent(s), designated agency eliminates the conflicts of interest that commonly occur in a brokerage when two Real Estate Agents from the same brokerage represent the buyer and seller in the same transaction. Designated agency allows REALTORS®to act as sole agents and provide full fiduciary duties to all clients except in the limited circumstance where the same designated agent(s) represents the buyer and seller in the same transaction.

 A designated agency relationship allows Kirby Cox & Associates to fulfill their responsibilities and obligations to their clients even when the other party to a transaction is represented by another REALTOR® from within Royal LePage Benchmark.

If the designated agent represents the other party to the transaction, this creates the same conflict as discussed in common law (i.e. the same agent is representing both parties). In addition to the options to resolve the conflict identified in common law, in designated agency, the client can also be referred to another designated agent within the brokerage who may provide the client with sole agency representation.

Calgary Real Estate Agents are obliged to protect and promote the best interests of their clients and generally have the following legal and ethical duties.

  • Loyalty - to protect their client’s negotiating position and to work honestly in the best interests of their client
  • Obedience - to carry out all lawful instructions of their client.
  • Confidentiality - to keep the confidences of their client.
  • Competence - to exercise reasonable care and skill in performing all assigned duties.
  • Disclosure - to disclose all relevant information known by the agent that may influence their client’s decisions.
  • Accounting - to account for all money and property held by the agent while acting for their client.

The client has the duty to pay any agreed compensation to the brokerage.

It’s important to understand what legal responsibilities your real estate salesperson has to you and to other parties in the transactions. Ask your salesperson to explain what type of agency relationship you have with him or her and with the brokerage company.

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